At Michigan State, university officials are already facing the prospect of legal judgments and fees from lawsuits filed by dozens of victims. The victims had another wish, too. A week study for adult women who are survivors of childhood sexual abuse is being offered by Central Christian Church in Seymour. So far, women have come forward to say he molested them. Nassar committed sexual abuse before the newspaper reports in For decades, rumors swirled that there had been a conspiracy between the authorities and the Church to cover up the crime. Switch to Australian edition?
Although the questioning of the bishop began in , to date no legal action has been filed against him based on the accusations linking him to the former pastor of El Bosque, Fernando Karadima. Nicholas Catholic Church amid an allegation by an adult of inappropriate conduct, according to a statement from the leader of the Archdiocese of St. Some of us were married; some of us were still in high school. It's all in the air. So why would you have any faith in it being able to stop Egan offending again? On average, these first-graders increased their IQ scores by more than 27 points.
So how might teachers or other leaders communicate these high expectations? What are their facial expressions, vocal tones and gestures like in these interactions? Paul Ekman, a leading expert in the field who has never collaborated with Rosenthal, says that as a general rule, people communicate these high hopes via the degree to which they physically show their attentiveness. A fixed gaze and raised eyebrows conveys a different message than a wandering gaze and bored expression.
These behaviors are usually instinctive, however. So the question remains: Can they be effectively taught? In the twilight of his career, Rosenthal sees signs that they can. Between and , Rubie-Davies ran workshops for nearly teachers.
She provided classroom instruction in the power of high expectations and the methods of high-expectations teachers, while also videotaping instructors while they interacted with students to show them their demeanor while they taught.
She says the videos have offered potent reality checks, adding: I had no idea I was raising my eyebrow or shaking my head like that! Early this year, Rubie-Davies published a study based on an experiment in which she randomly assigned 84 teachers to either the workshops or regular professional development. She found that students taught by the high-expectations group made significant gains in math compared with the control group. On average, they ended the instruction year three months ahead of their peers.
Since the early s, Robert Pianta, dean of the Curry School of Education at the University of Virginia, and his team have studied several thousand teachers, looking closely at their moment-to-moment interactions with students. In a controlled study published in Science , Pianta reported that his own training program had also boosted student performance, achieving the equivalent of moving the average student from the 50th to the 59th percentile in standardized test scores.
Like Rubie-Davies, Pianta videotapes his teachers to help make them aware of the little winces, shrugs and frowns through which they subconsciously speak volumes.
More generally, Pianta has been encouraging the instructors to communicate higher expectations by turning over some of the control in the classroom to the kids: Not only are ethical standards for research much stricter, but most U. In subsequent years, Cantello developed sophisticated lesson plans for her second-graders. By Katherine Ellison Thursday, October 29, In , Robert Rosenthal gave an IQ test to students at the Spruce School, shown here in the s; these children may or may not have been tested.
He called his discovery the Pygmalion Effect, after the mythological Greek sculptor whose love for the ivory statue of a woman he created inspired the gods to bring her to life. At a time when most scientists still believed IQ scores were genetically determined and fixed throughout life, the faux results of the Harvard Test of Inflected Acquisition bathed these students in a new, more optimistic light.
They begin with his own childhood. Rosenthal, who was certain the experiment revealed a powerful and mostly subconscious dynamic, wrote about this discovery in a article in American Scientist. Then came the attacks. Albert Shanker, founder and future president of the United Federation of Teachers, rebuked the Pygmalion experiment in his regular Sunday column in The New York Times , suggesting that it vilified teachers: According to these reports, when managers have high hopes for their employees, the workers become more productive.
When military instructors believe trainees have superior skills, the trainees perform better. Making Belief So how might teachers or other leaders communicate these high expectations? In her eyes, she says, every child she has taught has been a potential bloomer. You might also like. Motherese Is a Truly Universal Language. Everything Worth Knowing About Flex your cortex with Discover. Discover Magazine on Facebook Discover Magazine.
Mapes and Smith made contact with Burkett in late August, and on August 24 Burkett offered to meet with them to share the documents he possessed, and later told reporters from USA Today "that he had agreed to turn over the documents to CBS if the network would arrange a conversation with the Kerry campaign,"  a claim substantiated by emails between Smith and Mapes detailing Burkett's additional requests for help with negotiating a book deal, security, and financial compensation.
Two documents were provided by Burkett to Mapes on September 2 and four others on September 5, Mapes informed Rather of the progress of the story, which was being targeted to air on September 8 along with footage of an interview with former Lieutenant Governor of Texas Ben Barnes , who would publicly state for the first time his opinion that Bush had received preferential treatment to get into the National Guard.
Lockhart subsequently stated he was "wary" of contact with Mapes at this stage, because if the story were true, his involvement might undermine its credibility, and if it were false, "he did not want to be associated with it.
The documents claimed that Bush had disobeyed orders while in the Guard, and that undue influence had been exerted on Bush's behalf to improve his record. The documents included the following:. USA Today also received copies of the four documents used by CBS,  reporting this and publishing them the morning after the CBS segment, along with two additional memos.
Mapes and her colleagues began interviewing people who might be able to corroborate the information in the documents, while also retaining four forensic document experts , Marcel J. Pierce, Emily Will, and Linda James, to determine the validity of the memos. Among other issues covered in his interview with Rather and Mapes, Strong was asked if he thought the documents were genuine.
Strong stated, "they are compatible with the way business was done at the time. They are compatible with the man that I remember Jerry Killian being.
Hodges declined CBS' request for an on-camera interview, and Mapes read the documents to him over the telephone. According to Mapes, Hodges agreed with CBS's assessment that the documents were real, and CBS reported that Hodges stated that these were "the things that Killian had expressed to me at the time.
General Hodges later asserted to the investigatory panel that he told Mapes that Killian had never, to his knowledge, ordered anyone to take a physical and that he had never been pressured regarding Lieutenant Bush, as the documents alleged. Prior to airing, all four of the examiners responded to Mapes' request for document analysis, though only two to Mapes directly: The segment introduced Lieutenant Robert Strong's interview, describing him as a "friend of Killian" without noting he had not worked in the same location and without mentioning he had left the TexANG prior to the dates on the memos.
The segment used the sound bite of Strong saying the documents were compatible with how business was done but did not include a disclaimer that Strong was told to assume the documents were authentic. In Rather's narration about one of the memos, he referred to pressure being applied on Bush's behalf by General Buck Staudt, and described Staudt as "the man in charge of the Texas National Guard. Interview clips with Ben Barnes , former Speaker of the Texas House, created the impression "that there was no question but that President Bush had received Barnes' help to get into the TexANG," because Barnes had made a telephone call on Bush's behalf, when Barnes himself had acknowledged that there was no proof his call was the reason, and that "sometimes a call to General Rose did not work.
Discussion quickly spread to various weblogs in the blogosphere , principally Little Green Footballs and Power Line. MacDougald, an Atlanta attorney who had worked for conservative groups such as the Federalist Society and the Southeastern Legal Foundation, and who had helped draft the petition to the Arkansas Supreme Court for the disbarment of President Bill Clinton.
This should be pursued aggressively. By the following day, questions about the authenticity of the documents were being publicized by the Drudge Report , which linked to the analysis at the Powerline blog in the mid-afternoon,  and the story was covered on the website of the magazine The Weekly Standard   and broke into mass media outlets, including the Associated Press and the major television news networks.
It also was receiving serious attention from conservative writers such as National Review Online 's Jim Geraghty. Thirteen days after this controversy had emerged the national newspaper USA Today published a timeline of events surrounding the CBS story. Additionally, the story was given two-thirds of a full page within USA Today' s news section, which mentioned that it had also obtained copies of the documents.
However, the authenticity of the memos was not part of the story carried by major news outlets on that day. Lines said that meant she could testify in court that, beyond a reasonable doubt, her opinion was that the memos were written on a computer.
Also on September 10, The Dallas Morning News reported that "the officer named in one memo as exerting pressure to 'sugarcoat' Bush's military record was discharged a year and a half before the memo was written. Walter "Buck" Staudt was honorably discharged on March 1, , while the memo cited by CBS as showing that Staudt was interfering with evaluations of Bush was dated August 18, In response to the media attention, a CBS memo said that the documents were "backed up not only by independent handwriting and forensic document experts but by sources familiar with their content" and insisted that no internal investigation would take place.
I believe that the witnesses and the documents are authentic. We wouldn't have gone to air if they would not have been. However, CBS' Josh Howard spoke at length by telephone with typewriter expert Peter Tytell and later told the panel that the discussion was "an 'unsettling event' that shook his belief in the authenticity of the documents.
A former vice president of CBS News, Jonathan Klein, dismissed the allegations of bloggers, suggesting that the "checks and balances" of a professional news organization were superior to those of individuals sitting at their home computers "in their pajamas. As media coverage widened and intensified, CBS at first attempted to produce additional evidence to support its claims.
As the operator types the copy a second time, the spaces are added automatically. By September 13, CBS's position had shifted slightly, as Rather acknowledged "some of these questions come from people who are not active political partisans," and stated that CBS "talked to handwriting and document analysts and other experts who strongly insist the documents could have been created in the '70s," emphasis added. Rather instead presented the views of Bill Glennon and Richard Katz. Glennon, a former typewriter repairman with no specific credentials in typesetting beyond that job, was found by CBS after posting several defenses of the memos on blogs including Daily Kos and Kevin Drum 's blog hosted at Washington Monthly.
The original document examiners, however, continued to be part of the story. By September 15, Emily Will was publicly stating that she had told CBS that she had doubts about both the production of the memos and the handwriting prior to the segment. Linda James stated that the memos were of "very poor quality" and that she did not authenticate them,  telling ABC News, "I did not authenticate anything and I don't want it understood that I did.
In response, 60 Minutes Wednesday released a statement suggesting that Will and James had "misrepresented" their role in the authentication of the documents and had played only a small part in the process. I could only verify that the signatures came from the same source," Matley said. But at the same time, there was nothing to tell me that they were not authentic.
On the evening of September 15, CBS aired a segment that featured an interview with Marian Carr Knox, a secretary at Ellington Air Force Base from —, and who was Killian's assistant on the dates shown in the documents.
Dan Rather prefaced the segment on the recorded interview by stating "She told us she believes what the documents actually say is, exactly, as we reported.
At this point, she also admitted she had no firsthand knowledge of Bush's time in the Guard. At this time, Dan Rather first acknowledged there were problems in establishing the validity of the documents used in the report, stating: CBS also hired a private investigator to look into the matter after the story aired and the controversy began. Copies of the documents were first released to the public by the White House.
Press Secretary Scott McClellan stated that the memos had been provided to them by CBS in the days prior to the report and that, "We had every reason to believe that they were authentic at that time. The Washington Post reported that at least one of the documents obtained by CBS had a fax header indicating it had been faxed from a Kinko's copy center in Abilene, Texas,  leading some to trace the documents back to Burkett.
As a growing number of independent document examiners and competing news outlets reported their findings about the documents, CBS News stopped defending the documents and began to report on the problems with their story. On September 20 they reported that their source, Bill Burkett, "admits that he deliberately misled the CBS News producer working on the report, giving her a false account of the documents' origins to protect a promise of confidentiality to the actual source. Dan Rather stated, "if I knew then what I know now — I would not have gone ahead with the story as it was aired, and I certainly would not have used the documents in question.
In an interview with Rather, Burkett admitted that he misled CBS about the source of the documents, and then claimed that the documents came to him from someone he claimed was named "Lucy Ramirez", whom CBS was unable to contact or identify as an actual person.
Burkett said he then made copies at the local Kinko's and burned the original documents. Soon after, CBS established a review panel "to help determine what errors occurred in the preparation of the report and what actions need to be taken. Bush, and Louis Boccardi , retired president and chief executive officer and former executive editor of the Associated Press , made up the two-person review board.
Rigler, to gather further information about the story. Among the Panel's conclusions were the following:. The Panel did not undertake a thorough examination of the authenticity of the Killian documents, but consulted Peter Tytell, a New York City-based forensic document examiner and typewriter and typography expert.
Tytell had been contacted by 60 Minutes producers prior to the broadcast, and had informed associate producer Yvonne Miller and executive producer Josh Howard on September 10 that he believed the documents were forgeries.
The Panel report stated, "The Panel met with Peter Tytell, and found his analysis sound in terms of why he thought the documents were not authentic The Panel reaches no conclusion as to whether Tytell was correct in all respects. The controversy had long-reaching personal, political and legal consequences. Murphy and West resigned on February 25, ,  and after settling a legal dispute regarding his level of responsibility for the segment, Josh Howard resigned on March 25, Dan Rather announced on November 23, that he would step down in early and on March 9, his 24th anniversary as anchor, he left the network.
It is unclear whether or not Rather's retirement was directly caused by this incident, although many believe that he had to step down a year earlier than planned. CBS was originally planning to show a '60 Minutes' report critical of the Bush administration justification for going to war in Iraq. This segment was replaced with the Killian documents segment. CBS further postponed airing the Iraq segment until after the election due to the controversy over the Killian documents.
After the Killian documents controversy, the show was renamed 60 Minutes Wednesday to differentiate it from the original 60 Minutes Sunday edition, and reverted to its original title on July 8, , when it was moved to the 8 p. It was cancelled in due to low ratings. Mapes stated that the documents have never been proved to be forgeries.
Ross expressed the view that the responsibility is on the reporter to verify their authenticity.
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As a result, Mr. Because, unlike other visits where the political situation of each country challenged its ability to maneuver, the passage through Chile implied criticism or, at least, indifference towards himself and, above all, towards the Chilean Church itself.
But putting Nassar away for the rest of his life, however satisfying, does not solve this festering problem. In order to protect other women, Denhollander said we need to hold institutions that enable abusers accountable and support and encourage victims to speak out.
Another priest also came forward saying Feit had made a similar admission to him as well. Paul and Minneapolis said Wednesday. I and so many others would have never, ever met you. Nicholas in Carver, will be removed from ministry pending the outcome of a police investigation. This prompted a letter from Lenore Jacobson, the Spruce School principal. Killian documents authenticity issues and George W.
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